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Clostridium perfringens is a bacterium that produces stomach cramps and diarrhea that lasts less than 24 hours. Stews, gravies, and other large-batch dishes that are kept warm for an extended period of time before serving are common sources of C. perfringens infections.Last updated: November 17, 2022
Update January 18, 2022
As of January 18, 2023, 3 people infected with the outbreak strains of Listeria have been reported from three states (CA, MI and NV). All 3 have been hospitalized, and no deaths have been reported. Sick people’s samples were collected from October 3,... 2022, to October 8, 2022. 2 sick people reported eating enoki mushrooms or eating at restaurants with menu items containing enoki mushrooms. One patient did not report eating enoki mushrooms but reported shopping at various Asian grocery stores.
FDA found two strains of Listeria in an import sample of Utopia Foods brand enoki mushrooms. One strain is linked to the two illnesses that were already included in this outbreak, and the other strain is linked to one additional illness. Both strains are now included in this outbreak investigation.
On November 17, 2022, Green Day Produce, Inc. recalled these enoki mushrooms due to Listeria contamination.
On January 13, 2023, Utopia Foods expanded their recall of enoki mushrooms.
The investigation is ongoing.
November 17, 2022
CDC, public health and regulatory officials in several states, and the FDA are investigating a multistate outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes infections linked to enoki mushrooms. Investigators are working to identify specific brands of enoki mushrooms that may be linked to these illnesses. As of November 15, 2022, 2 people infected with the outbreak strain of Listeria have been reported from 2 states (MI and NV). Both have been hospitalized, and no deaths have been reported. Sick people’s samples were collected from October 5, 2022, to October 8, 2022.
Enoki mushrooms are white and have long, thin stems. They are often sold in bunch with roots in sealed plastic packaging. They are popular in Japanese, Chinese, and Korean food, and they are almost always eaten cooked in soups, hot pots, and stir-fried dishes.
CDC advises people who are pregnant, aged 65 or older, or have a weakened immune system to not eat raw enoki mushrooms. CDC also advises restaurants to not serve raw enoki mushrooms. Cook enoki mushrooms thoroughly to kill any foodborne germs.
In case you are experiencing Listeria monocytogenes symptoms such as high fever, severe headache, stiffness, nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhea, it is important to report it. It can help to detect & resolve outbreaks early and prevent others from being harmed, and it enables better surveillance. If symptoms persist, seek medical care.
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control announced that clusters and outbreaks of hepatitis A virus (HAV) genotype IB with four unique but closely related HAV sequences have been reported in six European Union (EU) countries and in the United Kingdom (UK).
As of 29 September... 2022, 303 cases with identical or closely related HAV strains have been identified in Austria (7), Germany (8), Hungary (161), the Netherlands (8), Slovenia (35), Sweden (8), and the UK (76). Currently, available epidemiological and microbiological data suggest that human-to-human transmission has occurred, and possibly also transmission through contaminated food.
On 15 February 2022, Hungary reported an outbreak of HAV genotype IB with the disease onset of the first case in early December 2021. To date, 161 cases (139 males, 22 females) have been confirmed with this strain in the National Hepatitis Reference Laboratory in Hungary. The weekly number of reported hepatitis A cases have been declining since June 2022. In July 2022, a foodborne outbreak was suspected with a link to a restaurant in Hungary, where 16 people fell ill with HAV IB infection. Some of the patients reported consuming cold soup made with frozen berries.
In the UK, no clear source of infection has been identified, but epidemiological investigations so far indicate possible foodborne infections in addition to person-to-person transmission.
Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden have reported a total of 9 cases infected with strains matching the sequences of the UK strain. Investigations of these cases didn’t find any clear risk factors for infection such as a travel history or consumption of berries. Further investigations are ongoing.
If you are experiencing Hepatitis A symptoms like fever, jaundice, nausea, clay-colored stool, dark urine, malaise, abdominal discomfort, or vomiting, it is important to report it. It can help to detect and resolve outbreaks early and prevent others from being harmed, and it enables better surveillance. If symptoms persist, seek medical care.
The USDA announced an investigation of a new Botulism (Clostridium botulinum) Outbreak, where it lists Canned soup as a suspect. No other information has been provided at this time.
In case you experience Botulism symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain, report it now. It... can help to detect & resolve outbreaks early and prevent others from being harmed, and it enables better surveillance.